The Ghana Library Association (GLA) was founded in 1962 as an offshoot of the West African Library Association (WALA). After the independence of the Anglophone West African countries the main regional body (WALA) began to suffer as each country began to concentrate on its internal national affairs. This in part caused the disintegration of WALA.

The GLA was registered as a Professional Association under the Professional Bodies Decree NRCD 143 of 1973 with Registered No. PB 21 on 2nd August 1986 in accordance with the Laws of Ghana.

The GLA is the main recognized parasol body representing libraries and information services in the country. Though the GLA is over 50 years old, there were extraordinary inactive years in the life of the Association from the mid 1970’s to the early 1980’s. This was marked by a period of inactivity and constraints such as lack of finance and inadequate commitment of the leadership and members. The revival in 1983 put the Association back on its feet.

The current - as of 2013 - total membership stands at 400 with 200 in good standing.